The Jamaican cabinet has approved a bill that legalizes the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
It means that for the first time the country’s Rastafarian community, which uses the herb for religious purposes, could be able to smoke it legally.
The bill also envisages a licensing authority for the cultivation, sale and distribution of marijuana for medical and therapeutic purposes.
It goes to the senate this week for approval.
The bill also proposes that the smoking of marijuana will be banned in public spaces.
South and Central America and the Caribbean countries have been battling the impact of drug trafficking and drug use for decades.
Cocaine and marijuana produced in the region is transported through many countries, their citizens turned into consumers by the trade.
But the BBC’s Candace Piette says that as trafficking and drug consumption have continued to grow, many governments have begun to recognise that heavy-handed tactics and the crackdown on drugs has failed.